Athens vs Sparta
Thursday 5th October | 2 comments
In history this week, the children explored the differences between the Ancient Greek cities of Athens and Sparta. We looked at a range of factors, including how the different genders were treated, the ruling systems, cultures and values and how they compared.
We learned that Athenians were ruled by democracy and the will of the people (though technically only men could vote). The women largely stayed at home and raised their families. In Athens, it was the boys who were given a formal education, while the girls were taught the skills they would need to be good wives.
On the other hand, Spartans had a much bigger focus on war, with an incredibly strong and widely feared army full of soldiers that had been trained since the age of 6. The women were also included in the training (learning wrestling and combat skills) as well as being given a formal education.
The children also had a go at recreating a widely-used Spartan battle formation – the phalanx formation. This required creating a strong shield wall and using long spears to keep enemies at bay.
At the end of the session, the children were able to look at some Greek artefacts, ranging from pots to pendants to spinning tops. We had some fascinating artefacts overall and the children were all exceptionally careful when handling them.